For the growth and development of shrimp, nutrition is the top factor that determines whether shrimp will grow fast and have high feeding efficiency or not. Shrimp need many nutrients to develop such as protein, lipids, fiber, vitamins, minerals, etc.

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1. Protein

According to animal nutrition experts, protein is the main energy source in the shrimp’s nutritional composition. In each type of shrimp, the nutritional needs will be different.
For white-legged shrimp, protein needs account for about 30-35% and change according to shrimp growth stages. Specifically:
  • From stocking to 3g/shrimp, use feed with protein below 40%
  • From 3-8g/shrimp, feed with a protein content of about 38%
  • From 8g to harvest, use feed with protein from 35-38%.
For prawn:
  • From stocking to 5g/shrimp, feed needs protein content below 45%.
  • From 5-10g/shrimp, feed needs protein content from 42-45%.
  • From 10g to harvest, use feed containing 40-42% protein.
VII FARM Super-Fattening Shrimp provides a large amount of protein that feeds cannot meet, helping shrimp to have firm meat, fast and even growth, and improving feeding efficiency.

2. Lipid

Lipids participate in building shrimp’s cell membranes, help dissolve vitamins A, D, E, and K, and hydrocarbons; have the ability to activate enzymes, and are the main component of many steroid hormones. Normally, lipid content in seafood feed accounts for 10-25%. However, for shrimp farming, if the energy in feed is too high, it will reduce the ability to absorb feed. The digestion of protein is not enough for shrimp to develop, reducing growth rates and increasing mortality. Since shrimp do not have bile salts and bile acids, they limit the digestion of lipids. Therefore, the lipid content in the feed is always ensured below 10%.

3. Fiber

Fiber plays an important role, it is the substrate for living microorganisms in the digestive tract. In addition, fiber also contains a certain amount of water that helps maintain gut fluid and increase nutrient absorption. However, shrimp have a short gut and stomach, so their ability to digest fiber is poor. Therefore, the reasonable fiber supplement in shrimp feed is about 4-5%, usually from grass or seaweed powder.

4. Vitamin

For shrimp farming, vitamins play a particularly important role, especially vitamin C. Lack of vitamin C can cause black death disease in shrimp because vitamin C helps shrimp reduce stress and increase resistance to diseases. In addition, vitamins A, D, E, K, and B are also important for shrimp growth and development.
Overall, a balanced diet is crucial for the growth and development of shrimp in aquaculture, so farmers should pay attention to the nutritional content in their feed and adjust it appropriately for different growth stages.